Why We Need Botanic Conservation Gardens More Than Before
We are losing the world plant cover at an increasingly worrying rate which is reducing the ecosystem this is mainly as a result of devastating human activities putting some plant species at risk of extinction. Humans are the primary contributors to the destruction of the ecosystem because of engaging in vicious activities without being honest with their environmental concerns, some of these destructive activities include but not limited to include urbanization, poor forestry practices, over-harvesting, land-use changes, global environmental changes and use of exotic species. Plant plays an integral role in humans, they are the source of oxygen, food, medicine and home to millions of animal species, therefore, we need to develop reliable methods of conserving them particularly the endangered plant species . To ensure survival and protection of endangered plant species, universities, research institutions, and private entities have turned on botanic gardens which plays a central role in protection and conservation of these plant species both for human and research purpose. Botanic gardens are playing a significant role in changing the world in a variety of ways, to learn more about them continue reading this article.
One thing is the benefits of botanical gardens to human, today there is an estimated 2500 plants botanical gardens in the world with more than 6 millions accessions of living plants which is about one-quarter of vascular plant species on earth, therefore, these plant botanical gardens plays a central role in ex-situ conservation and exploration of the global plant diversity.
Plant botanical gardens are at the heart of many branches of scientific research, this is because they provide a variety of species from which scientists can get valuable information by collecting data that can help them understand things such as phonological indications due to climate change, plant-animal interactions, plant physiology of variety of species many more data that can help them devise improved species or new farming tactics. Because of the variety of species plant botanic conservation have it make them a good location for many researchers to study plant functional characteristics such as trade-offs between species traits and plant performance.
Plant botanic conservation are important in/ex situ conservation and utilization, given that there estimated 6 million accessions in botanical gardens with over 80 thousand plant species it provides an excellent opportunity to understand the threatened species, furthermore the ex-situ conservation which means conservation of biological diversity from their natural habitat has contributed greatly in protection, maintaining and support of threatened plant species. Those are some major roles of plant botanic conservation gardens, however, they are also involved in spreading awareness to the public about threatened plant species and the importance of protecting the earth’s plant cover.