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Stems Cells; All You Need to Know about Them

Numerous advancements have been experienced in the medical field over the years. The reason for the numerous advancements in the technologies that have been invented. Various diseases and medical conditions that were impossible to treat or correct can now be treated or reversed with stem cell therapy. Stem cells have numerous differences from the regular cells. The research will help you know more about stem cells. Stem cells are mainly of two types. Adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells are the two types of stem cells. The name used to refer to stem cells derived from living human beings is adult stem cells. Stem cells that are derived from human embryos are referred to as embryonic stem cells.

Even though adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body, they are still as versatile as embryonic stem cells. Umbilical cord and bone mallow transplantation were the first uses of stem cells. However, some scientists believed that adult stem cells are inferior to embryonic stem cells because adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body. Scientists hope they can make adult stem cells capable of becoming any cell type in the human body by reprogramming adult stem cells. Reprogrammed adult stem cells are also referred to as induced pluripotent stem cells.

Induced pluripotent stem cells can become all the stem cells found in the human body, the same as embryonic stem cells. Even though adult stem cells cannot divide to create every type of cell found in the human body, they are easy to harvest, available in plenty, and have a low risk of immune system injection in patients. The embryo is mainly made up of only stem cells within the first four to five days after fertilization. The stem cells in embryos are responsible for developing into any type of cell in the human body. The stem cells forming the embryo cease to be pluripotent five or six days after fertilization.

The most common sources of perinatal stem cells are amniotic fluid and tissue, umbilical cord blood and tissue, and placental blood and tissue. Bone marrow extraction, blood draw, and tissue fat extraction, also referred to as liposuction, are the main ways of harvesting adult stem cells. A woman’s womb is not used as a growing and multiplication environment of embryo cells; instead, embryo cells are multiplied in a laboratory About ten percent of a donor’s bone marrow is extracted; hence if you want to be a stem cell donor, you should be prepared to feel fatigued and sore for a few weeks. A sem cell done is sedated when the procedure of extracting stem cell cells from his or her bone marrow can be painless.

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